Manuel II Palaiologos

Manuel II Palaiologos
   Emperor (q.v.) from 1391-1425. Prior to his accession, from 1382-1387, he vainly attempted to defend Thessalonike against the Ottomans (qq.v.). Other humiliations followed. The year John V (q.v.) died, the first year of Manuel's reign (1391), he was forced to join Bayezid I (q.v.) on an Ottoman campaign along the coast of the Black Sea to Sinope (qq.v.). From 1399-1403 he journeyed to Venice (q.v.), Paris, and London, seeking help against the Ottomans. Ironically, it was Timur (q.v.) who inadvertently aided Byzantium (q.v.) by defeating Bayezid I at the battle of Ankara (q.v.) in 1402. The respite allowed Manuel to refortify the Hexamilion (q.v.) in 1415. However, with the accession of Murad II (q.v.) in 1421, the lull since 1402 (which had extended through the reigns of Musa and Mehmed I [qq.v.]) ended. Murad II unsuccessfully attacked Thessalonike and Constantinople (q.v.), then brushed past the Hexamilion (1423) to ravage the Morea (q.v.). Manuel II made peace with the sultan (q.v.) in 1424, and he died the following year.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Manuel II Palaiologos — Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Reign 16 February 1391 – 21 July 1425 ( 1000000000000003400000034 years, 10000000000000155000000155 days) …   Wikipedia

  • Manuel II. Palaiologos — Kaiser Manuel II Manuel II. Palaiologos, (griechisch Μανουὴλ Β΄ Παλαιολόγος, * 27. Juni 1350; † 21. Juli 1425) war von 1391 bis 1425 byzantinischer Kaiser in Konstantinopel als Nac …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Manuel II Paleólogo — Emperador del Imperio bizantino Manuel II Paleólogo, emperador de los romanos Reinado 1391 1425 Nacimiento 27 de junio de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Manuel I. — Manuel (m, lat. griech.) ist die spanisch portugiesische Form des männlichen Vornamens Emanuel bzw. Immanuel. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Varianten 3 Namenstag 4 B …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Manuel — (m, lat. griech.) ist im Spanischen, Portugiesischen und Griechischen die männliche Form des Vornamens Immanuel. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Namenstag 3 Bekannte Namensträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Manuel (name) — Manuel is a variation of Immanuel, a Hebrew given name, from the Spanish and Portuguese. Manny is an English derivative. Contents 1 Royalty 2 Others 3 Fictional characters …   Wikipedia

  • Manuel Chrysoloras — oder Emmanuel Chrysoloras (* 1353 vermutlich in Konstantinopel; † 1415 in Konstanz) war ein byzantinischer Diplomat und Förderer der griechischen Literatur in Westeuropa. Manuel Chrysoloras 1393 sandte der byzantinische Kaiser Ma …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Manuel II — may refer to: Manuel II Palaiologos, Byzantine Emperor Manuel II of Trebizond, Emperor of Trebizond Manuel II of Portugal, King of Portugal Manuel II, Patriarch of Constantinople This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same… …   Wikipedia

  • Manuel Kalekas — (d. 1410) was a monk and theologian of the Byzantine Empire. Kalekas was a disciple of Demetrios Kydones. He lived in Italy, Crete and Lesbos where he translated the works of Boethius and Anselm of Canterbury into Greek.[1] Kalekas translated the …   Wikipedia

  • Manuel I Komnenos — This article is about the 12th century Byzantine Emperor. For the eldest son of Andronikos I Komnenos and father of Alexios I of Trebizond, see Manuel Komnenos (born 1145). Manuel I Komnenos Emp …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”